The Alameda Apodaca y Marqués de Comillas is a beautiful promenade in Cádiz that borders the historic city center to the south and faces the bay of Cádiz and nearby towns like El Puerto de Santa María and Rota. The promenade is landscaped in a romantic style with a linear layout marked by the regionalist style of the early 20th century, featuring glazed ceramics from Seville and wrought iron on benches and lampposts.
The gardens are situated between two significant constructions – the Baluarte de la Candelaria and the walls of San Carlos, both built in the late 18th century as a defense for the northwest front of the city. The promenade’s east side is named after Cádiz admiral Juan José Ruiz de Apodaca y Eliza, while the west side is named after Claudio López Bru, second Marqués de Comillas.
The gardens design
The design presents a slightly broken linear layout on its plan, marked by the prevailing regionalist style at the beginning of the 20th century, embodied by the architect Juan Talavera, with the use of Sevillian glazed ceramics and wrought iron on benches and lampposts, as features characteristic. The fountains stand out for their beauty, both the one located on the side of the Baluarte next to the enormous Ficus, and those inside the garden built with ceramics from Triana.
One of the areas that make up the garden is called “Glorieta Carlos Edmundo de Ory,” in honor of the poet born in Cádiz. It has a sculpture of the writer and a pedestal with his name located in the center of it. At the west end of the park, there is a brightly colored polychrome tile fountain, and the two octagonal squares that exist in the Alameda are adorned with two low geometrically shaped fountains with tiles.
Planting scheme and the most photographed trees in Cádiz
The Alameda’s lush vegetation is a significant feature, with deciduous trees such as plane trees planted near the avenue and ornamental and monumental trees near the sea. There are several flower beds with different shapes that are delimited by hedges of species such as thuja, pitosporum and privet.
Two magnificent specimens of Ficus macrophylla, planted at the beginning of the 20th century and coming from Australia, two specimens of Laurel de Indias about 75 years old, two 35-year-old dragon trees, two ombú trees, over 40 years old, a Chinese fan palm 80 years old.
Statues and busts
The Alameda Apodaca features numerous busts dedicated to influential figures, particularly from Latin America. Due to its sculptures and the presence of American species, the promenade is known as the Balcony of the Bay of Cádiz.
Among the notable figures honored with busts are the Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío, the Grand Admiral of Peru and national hero Don Miguel Grau Seminario, the Cuban politician and poet José Martí who created the Revolutionary Party and organized the 1895 War against the Spanish colonial army, the Dominican politician and liberator Juan Pablo Duarte, the Chilean general José Miguel Carrera, the illustrious Puerto Rican sailor and Deputy of the Cortes of Cádiz in 1812 Ramón Power y Giralt, the politician and military man Juan Pablo Duarte who is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the Dominican Republic, Filipino national hero José Rizal, and Cádiz painter Francisco Prieto.
See more parks and gardens in Cádiz here: https://visitingcadiz.com/parks-and-gardens/
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