The Puerta de Tierra is a historic gate located in the city of Cadiz. It dates back to the 16th century and served as one of the main entrances to the city, protecting it from sea attacks. The Puerta de Tierra is a symbol of the city’s rich history and has undergone several renovations throughout the years to maintain its original appearance. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction, offering a glimpse into Cadiz’s past and providing stunning views of the surrounding area. The Puerta de Tierra is a must-visit for anyone interested in the history and culture of Cadiz.
The tower and the upper avenue of the Puerta Tierra was reopened to the public in 2013. This original defensive wall holds great historical and cultural importance alongside the other numerous buildings and monuments in the city of Cádiz.
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The Puerta de Tierra construction began during the16th century when the orginal medieval walls were to small and enclosed for the growth of the city. In 1574 an extension was made to protect it with two bastions. The whole structure was not completed until the eighteenth century.
In the middle, the entrance hall is framed by a marble frontispiece dated 1756. An inscription here refers to the construction of the door and is adorned with the royal coat of arms. There is an elegant marble portico in the shape of a triumphal arch designed by Torcuato Cayón. The walls known as San Roque and Santa Elena, named after the nearby hermitages, were demolished in 1737 due to the construction of the barracks within the area of the defensive complex.
The extension outside the walls led to the proposal, during the first half of the 20th century, to demolish the entire defensive complex. fortunately, though, it was decided to fill in the moats and open two large arches along the walls to allow the passage of vehicles at the time.
In the central square, two marble obelisks dedicated to San Servando and San Germán, both patron saints of Cádiz were once situated in Genoa at the beginning of the 17th century where they stood at the entrance to the Italian city’s port.
The Puerta de Tierra, in addition to the areas open for visits such as the central vault, the tower and the upper promenade, also houses the Lithographic Workshop Museum (tracing the art of ancient lithography through preserved stones & machine displays) and the Ibero-American Puppet Museum (a collection of puppets from around the world).
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